Thursday, November 30, 2017

The Tale of Genji - 11/30/2017

ESSENTIAL QUESTION(S)/BIG IDEAS: How are the attitudes of Heian Japan regarding the roles of men and women in relationships similar to, or different from, attitudes that we have in our culture today?

HW: Make sure you complete your China Mini-Book and your China/Mongols Movie Poster by the the end of the school day on Friday. Each of these assignments will be considered LATE if turned in after 2:15 p.m. on Friday.

AGENDA:
  1. We are switching gears now from China to Japan
  2. Heads-up: over the weekend we will be reading 12:1 and 12:2
  3. Tale of Genji - HANDOUT HERE
  4. Independent work time (last 20 minutes of the period)
Q2 TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. African Proverbs
2. African Proverb Word Cloud (submitted to our Classroom Blog) - INSTRUCTIONS HERE
4. Kingdoms of West Africa Study Guide
5. Adinkra Mat (turned in separately; not kept in notes)
6. Latitude and Longitude - HANDOUT HERE
7. Sundiata: The Lion King of Mali
8. Sundiata: What Comes Next (you will turn this in on our classroom blog)
9. Read and take notes on 10:1
10. Read and take notes on 10:2
11. Three Belief Systems of China
12. Crash Course World History: China (done on GOOGLE CLASSROOM)
13. What They Might Have Said/What They Actually Said (on Three Belief Systems of China)
14. Read and take notes on 10:3 and 11:1
15. My China Mini-Book - HANDOUT HERE
16. China/Mongols Movie Poster (submitted to our Classroom Blog)
17. Tale of Genji - HANDOUT HERE

Wednesday, November 29, 2017

10:3 and 11:1 Quiz - 11/29/2017

ESSENTIAL QUESTION(S)/BIG IDEAS: What is the legacy of China and the Mongol Empire?

HW: Make sure you complete your China Mini-Book and your China/Mongols Movie Poster by the time class begins on Friday. Each of these assignments will be considered LATE if turned in after the beginning of class on Friday.

AGENDA:
  1. 10:3/11:1 Quiz - CLICK HERE TO ACCESS QUIZ
  2. Clarification on the China/Mongols Movie Poster
    1. I should be able to recognize at least THREE different things you learned about China and/or the Mongols by looking at your movie poster
    2. Be prepared for a possible (brief) presentation of your poster in front of the class on Friday
Q2 TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. African Proverbs
2. African Proverb Word Cloud (submitted to our Classroom Blog) - INSTRUCTIONS HERE
4. Kingdoms of West Africa Study Guide
5. Adinkra Mat (turned in separately; not kept in notes)
6. Latitude and Longitude - HANDOUT HERE
7. Sundiata: The Lion King of Mali
8. Sundiata: What Comes Next (you will turn this in on our classroom blog)
9. Read and take notes on 10:1
10. Read and take notes on 10:2
11. Three Belief Systems of China
12. Crash Course World History: China (done on GOOGLE CLASSROOM)
13. What They Might Have Said/What They Actually Said (on Three Belief Systems of China)
14. Read and take notes on 10:3 and 11:1
15. My China Mini-Book - HANDOUT HERE
16. China/Mongols Movie Poster (submitted to our Classroom Blog)

Tuesday, November 28, 2017

China and the Mongols Movie Poster - 11/28/2017

ESSENTIAL QUESTION(S)/BIG IDEAS: What are the main ideas of the three belief systems of China?

HW: Read 10:3 and 11:1. Prepare for an open-note quiz tomorrow.

PLEASE FOLLOW ALONG WITH THE INSTRUCTIONS ON MRIPPOLITO.COM WHILE YOU WATCH THE INSTRUCTIONAL VIDEO.



AGENDA:
  1. China and the Mongols Movie Poster
    1. Scan 10:3 and 11:1 FIRST. Get an idea of what the subject matter of your movie (and therefore your movie poster) might be.
    2. You will create a movie poster that demonstrates your knowledge of ONE or more of the key terms or people from 10:3 or 11:1 in your movie title (land tenure, literacy, money economy, porcelain, Chinese ships, ascendancy, steppe, khan, Genghis Khan, catapult, Kublai Khan, or Marco Polo)
    3. Create your poster using Google Drawings. Most movie posters online today are formatted to 8.5 x 11 inches, but you can choose whichever formatting works best for you.
    4. Find a picture online to use as your background OR draw your own to include in your poster. NOTE: the image you choose should NOT be from a movie already made about China or the Mongols
    5. Place the movie title big and bold on your poster. Use the WordArt and drop shadow techniques you have already learned in my class
    6. Include a single line or catch phrase that shows an understanding of specifically what you have learned from 10:3 or 11:1
    7. Include 2-3 other text elements seen in a traditional movie poster (stars of the movie, credit block, when the movie opens, movie rating, etc) to creatively demonstrate your learning about the history of China and the Mongols in either 10:3/11:1.
    8. When finished, export your poster as a PNG file and email to our classroom blog at rippolito.history@blogger.com. In the subject line of that email, remember to include your name(s) and your class period. Use both first and last name (spelled correctly) to make sure you get credit for your work.
    9. Your movie poster will be due TOMORROW, Wednesday 11/29.
    10. Here are several examples of movie posters from a film class at DePaul University; you could also do a Google Image search for "movie poster" for more inspiration and examples
Q2 TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. African Proverbs
2. African Proverb Word Cloud (submitted to our Classroom Blog) - INSTRUCTIONS HERE
4. Kingdoms of West Africa Study Guide
5. Adinkra Mat (turned in separately; not kept in notes)
6. Latitude and Longitude - HANDOUT HERE
7. Sundiata: The Lion King of Mali
8. Sundiata: What Comes Next (you will turn this in on our classroom blog)
9. Read and take notes on 10:1
10. Read and take notes on 10:2
11. Three Belief Systems of China
12. Crash Course World History: China (done on GOOGLE CLASSROOM)
13. What They Might Have Said/What They Actually Said (on Three Belief Systems of China)
14. Read and take notes on 10:3 and 11:1
15. My China Mini-Book - HANDOUT HERE
16. China/Mongols Movie Poster (submitted to our Classroom Blog)

Monday, November 27, 2017

Last Day for China Mini-Book - 11/27/2017

ESSENTIAL QUESTION(S)/BIG IDEAS: What are the main ideas of the three belief systems of China?

HW: Read 10:3 and 11:1. Prepare for an open-note quiz either tomorrow or Wednesday.

AGENDA:
  1. Welcome back from your Thanksgiving holiday weekend!
  2. The Great Thanksgiving Listen - SUBMIT YOUR INTERVIEW HERE
  3. 14 School Days left until Winter Break
  4. Canned Food Drive - Great job, Trailblazers!
  5. China Mini-Book - HANDOUT HERE and ARTICLE PACKET HERE
    1. Today is your last day to work on it in class
    2. I will collect the Mini-Book all week. The last day to turn it in for full credit is this Friday.
Q2 TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. African Proverbs
2. African Proverb Word Cloud (submitted to our Classroom Blog) - INSTRUCTIONS HERE
4. Kingdoms of West Africa Study Guide
5. Adinkra Mat (turned in separately; not kept in notes)
6. Latitude and Longitude - HANDOUT HERE
7. Sundiata: The Lion King of Mali
8. Sundiata: What Comes Next (you will turn this in on our classroom blog)
9. Read and take notes on 10:1
10. Read and take notes on 10:2
11. Three Belief Systems of China
12. Crash Course World History: China (done on GOOGLE CLASSROOM)
13. What They Might Have Said/What They Actually Said (on Three Belief Systems of China)
14. Read and take notes on 10:3 and 11:1
15. My China Mini-Book - HANDOUT HERE

Monday, November 20, 2017

China Mini-Book - 11/20/2017

ESSENTIAL QUESTION(S)/BIG IDEAS: What are the main ideas of the three belief systems of China?

HW: Bring those non-perishable food items!!

AGENDA:
  1. Collect What They Might Have Said/What They Actually Said - make sure your name is on it!
    1. I'm turning in grades today, so double check IC if you need to so you can verify everything is turned in
    2. Canned Food Drive - We are still in last place--what???
      1. As an incentive, I will offer one Q2 "Quiz Forgiveness" pass if you bring in five non-perishable food items (for the Africa Quiz, bring in TEN food items)
      2. DEADLINE IS TOMORROW
    3. China Mini-Book - HANDOUT HERE and ARTICLE PACKET HERE
    Q2 TABLE OF CONTENTS
    1. African Proverbs
    2. African Proverb Word Cloud (submitted to our Classroom Blog) - INSTRUCTIONS HERE
    4. Kingdoms of West Africa Study Guide
    5. Adinkra Mat (turned in separately; not kept in notes)
    6. Latitude and Longitude - HANDOUT HERE
    7. Sundiata: The Lion King of Mali
    8. Sundiata: What Comes Next (you will turn this in on our classroom blog)
    9. Read and take notes on 10:1
    10. Read and take notes on 10:2
    11. Three Belief Systems of China
    12. Crash Course World History: China (done on GOOGLE CLASSROOM)
    13. What They Might Have Said/What They Actually Said (on Three Belief Systems of China)
    14. Read and take notes on 10:3 and 11:1
    15. My China Mini-Book - HANDOUT HERE

    Thursday, November 16, 2017

    Wisdom of Medieval China - 11/16/2017

    ESSENTIAL QUESTION(S)/BIG IDEAS: What are the main ideas of the three belief systems of China?

    HW: What They Might Have Said/What They Actually Said (DUE MONDAY)
    HW: Read 10:3 and 11:1; prepare for some form of open-note quiz on Monday

    AGENDA:
    1. Here is what you helped me with yesterday - http://www.RonIppolito.com
    2. Three Belief Systems of China - let's try to finish this today
      1. Handout HERE
      2. Slideshow presentation HERE
    3. Double-check to make sure I can see your Sundiata: What Comes Next
      1. Visit our classroom blog at http://sv301.blogspot.com
      2. Do a search for your first and last name. If it doesn't come up, I don't have your assignment.
      3. Forgot how to upload? Instructions are HERE
    4. What They Might Have Said / What They Actually Said (see example and instructions below)
      1. You are going to create a respectful "wise saying" from each of these three philosophers based on what you have learned about each
      2. What is a reliable source for attributable quotes?
      3. I trust BrainyQuotes and GoodReads
      4. Don't necessarily trust Pinterest, Google Images, or other sources
    5. Canned Food Drive - We are currently in last place--what???
      1. As an incentive, I will offer one Q2 "Quiz Forgiveness" pass if you bring in five non-perishable food items
    6. Grading Catch-Up (progress report grading period ends today)
    7. How to Make an Eight Page Mini-Book - watch carefully so you don't waste paper

      Q2 TABLE OF CONTENTS
      1. African Proverbs
      2. African Proverb Word Cloud (submitted to our Classroom Blog) - INSTRUCTIONS HERE
      4. Kingdoms of West Africa Study Guide
      5. Adinkra Mat (turned in separately; not kept in notes)
      6. Latitude and Longitude - HANDOUT HERE
      7. Sundiata: The Lion King of Mali
      8. Sundiata: What Comes Next (you will turn this in on our classroom blog)
      9. Read and take notes on 10:1
      10. Read and take notes on 10:2
      11. Three Belief Systems of China
      12. Crash Course World History: China (done on GOOGLE CLASSROOM)
      13. What They Might Have Said/What They Actually Said (on Three Belief Systems of China)
      14. Read and take notes on 10:3 and 11:1

      Wednesday, November 15, 2017

      Buddhism - 11/15/2017

      ESSENTIAL QUESTION(S)/BIG IDEAS: What are the main ideas of the three belief systems of China?

      HW: Complete any unfinished assignments.

      AGENDA:
      1. 10:1 and 10:2 Quiz - CLICK HERE FOR QUIZ
      2. Leadership-Based Electives - opportunities for seventh graders for 2nd semester
        1. Let's have a courageous conversation if you're interested
        2. Link to the ASB application is HERE
        3. The SVLife application is in Google Classroom. The invite code is iypft6
      3. Three Belief Systems of China - let's try to finish this today
        1. Handout HERE
        2. Slideshow presentation HERE
      4. TURKEY BOWL IS ONE WEEK FROM TODAY!
        1. We support White Lightning, so wear your black, white, and yellow (or gold)
        2. Face painting will be offered by ASB--three choices available HERE

      Q2 TABLE OF CONTENTS
      1. African Proverbs
      2. African Proverb Word Cloud (submitted to our Classroom Blog) - INSTRUCTIONS HERE
      4. Kingdoms of West Africa Study Guide
      5. Adinkra Mat (turned in separately; not kept in notes)
      6. Latitude and Longitude - HANDOUT HERE
      7. Sundiata: The Lion King of Mali
      8. Sundiata: What Comes Next (you will turn this in on our classroom blog)
      9. Read and take notes on 10:1
      10. Read and take notes on 10:2
      11. Three Belief Systems of China
      12. Crash Course World History: China (done on GOOGLE CLASSROOM)

      Tuesday, November 14, 2017

      Crash Course: China - 11/14/2017

      ESSENTIAL QUESTION(S)/BIG IDEAS: What are the main ideas of the three belief systems of China?

      HW: Make sure you have read Chapter 10, Sections 1 and 2. You may have an open-note quiz when I return on Wednesday (TOMORROW!!).

      AGENDA:
      1. TODAY (WHILE MR IPPOLITO IS GONE): Watch Crash Course: China and complete the assignment in Google Classroom
        1. Look over the questions first - CLICK HERE TO VIEW QUESTIONS
        2. Answer questions in GOOGLE CLASSROOM while you watch Crash Course, or after it's done
        3. Discuss answers with a partner and turn in through Google Classroom before the end of the period
        4. Use any time remaining in the period to catch up on missing work or work ahead on Three Belief Systems of China
      2. Leadership-Based Electives - opportunities for seventh graders for 2nd semester
        1. Let's have a courageous conversation if you're interested
        2. Link to the ASB application is HERE
        3. The SVLife application is in Google Classroom. The invite code is iypft6
      3. Three Belief Systems of China - we will continue this when I return
        1. Handout HERE
        2. Slideshow presentation HERE


      Q2 TABLE OF CONTENTS
      1. African Proverbs
      2. African Proverb Word Cloud (submitted to our Classroom Blog) - INSTRUCTIONS HERE
      4. Kingdoms of West Africa Study Guide
      5. Adinkra Mat (turned in separately; not kept in notes)
      6. Latitude and Longitude - HANDOUT HERE
      7. Sundiata: The Lion King of Mali
      8. Sundiata: What Comes Next (you will turn this in online)
      9. Read and take notes on 10:1
      10. Read and take notes on 10:2
      11. Three Belief Systems of China

      Monday, November 13, 2017

      Daoism - 11/13/2017

      ESSENTIAL QUESTION(S)/BIG IDEAS: What are the main ideas of the three belief systems of China?

      HW: Make sure you have read Chapter 10, Sections 1 and 2. You may have an open-note quiz when I return on Wednesday.

      AGENDA:
      1. Progress Report Grading Period ends this Friday
      2. The Great Thanksgiving Listen
        1. Select 10-15 interview questions to ask your interviewee. More great questions are HERE
        2. Make sure there is enough storage space on your recording device. The easiest way to record is with the voice recorder app on your phone, iPod Touch, or iPad
        3. Arrange for a quiet place and time to interview an older member of your family (preferably a grandparent or someone born before 1967)
        4. Once the interview is complete, take a photo of you and your interviewee
        5. Upload your photo and the audio of your interview to Google Drive.
        6. Name your audio file like this: Interview with My Grandmother Dolores Huerta - Nov2017
        7. Share this audio recording file with at least three other family members. The goal with this upload is to put this file in a place that will be both safe AND a place where you and your family can find the file in years to come.
        8. Check in with me on the Monday right after Thanksgiving. There will be a brief form to fill out and you will be asked to prove that you conducted your interview. Once that is complete, you get the FINAL EXAM BONUS!
      3. Turkey Week is next week! Complete schedule is HERE. Here's what to expect:
        1. MONDAY - The Turkey Bowl Pep Rally at brunch
        2. TUESDAY - The Amazing Turkey Race at lunch. Anyone can participate!
        3. WEDNESDAY - Turkey Bowl
      4. Leadership-Based Electives - opportunities for seventh graders for 2nd semester
        1. Let's have a courageous conversation if you're interested
        2. Link to the ASB application is HERE
        3. The SVLife application is in Google Classroom. The invite code is iypft6
      5. Three Belief Systems of China
        1. Handout HERE
        2. Slideshow presentation HERE

      Q2 TABLE OF CONTENTS
      1. African Proverbs
      2. African Proverb Word Cloud (submitted to our Classroom Blog) - INSTRUCTIONS HERE
      4. Kingdoms of West Africa Study Guide
      5. Adinkra Mat (turned in separately; not kept in notes)
      6. Latitude and Longitude - HANDOUT HERE
      7. Sundiata: The Lion King of Mali
      8. Sundiata: What Comes Next (you will turn this in online)
      9. Read and take notes on 10:1
      10. Read and take notes on 10:2
      11. Three Belief Systems of China

      Thursday, November 9, 2017

      Three Belief Systems of China - 11/9-13/2017

      ESSENTIAL QUESTION(S)/BIG IDEAS: What are the main ideas of the three belief systems of China?

      HW: Read Chapter 10, Section 2. Prepare for a possible game show quiz Monday!

      AGENDA:
      1. Three Belief Systems of China
        1. Handout HERE
        2. Slideshow presentation HERE
      2. Visit from Marwa Abdelghani
      Q2 TABLE OF CONTENTS
      1. African Proverbs
      2. African Proverb Word Cloud (submitted to our Classroom Blog) - INSTRUCTIONS HERE
      4. Kingdoms of West Africa Study Guide
      5. Adinkra Mat (turned in separately; not kept in notes)
      6. Latitude and Longitude - HANDOUT HERE
      7. Sundiata: The Lion King of Mali
      8. Sundiata: What Comes Next (you will turn this in online)
      9. Read and take notes on 10:1
      10. Read and take notes on 10:2
      11. Three Belief Systems of China

      Wednesday, November 8, 2017

      10:1 Quiz - 11/8/2017


      ESSENTIAL QUESTION(S)/BIG IDEAS: What was unique about each of the dynasties of medieval China?

      HW: Read Chapter 10, Section 2. Prepare for a game show quiz on Monday!

      AGENDA:
      1. Sundiata: What Comes Next?
        1. Check to make sure your work is posted. If it is NOT, you will not get credit for it.
        2. Check out everyone's work at http://sv301.blogspot.com
      2. 10:1 Quiz - CLICK HERE WHEN GIVEN PERMISSION BY MR IPPOLITO
      3. Tomorrow: our scheduled visit by Marwa Abdelghani
      Q2 TABLE OF CONTENTS
      1. African Proverbs
      2. African Proverb Word Cloud (submitted to our Classroom Blog) - INSTRUCTIONS HERE
      4. Kingdoms of West Africa Study Guide
      5. Adinkra Mat (turned in separately; not kept in notes)
      6. Latitude and Longitude - HANDOUT HERE
      7. Sundiata: The Lion King of Mali
      8. Sundiata: What Comes Next (you will turn this in online)
      9. Read and take notes on 10:1
      10. 9. Read and take notes on 10:2

      Tuesday, November 7, 2017

      Sundiata Stories - 11/7/2017

      ESSENTIAL QUESTION(S)/BIG IDEAS: What lessons can we learn from stories like the one about Sundiata? 

      HW: Read Chapter 10, Section 1. Prepare for an open note quiz tomorrow.

      AGENDA:
      1. Final call for Coco on Wednesday, November 22 - info to share with your parents is HERE
      2. Sundiata: What Comes Next?
        1. One final lesson on how to create a drop shadow
        2. Another lesson on how to send it to our classroom blog using the email address rippolito.history@blogger.com
        3. Check out everyone's work at http://sv301.blogspot.com
      3. Get a head start on reading 10:1. There will be an open-note reading quiz on 10:1 on Wednesday of this week. For sure you should know these five vocab terms: bureaucracydynastymerit systemurbanization, and subtle. And ask yourself: what does Mr. Ippolito love to ask quiz questions about?
      4. This Thursday: our scheduled visit by Marwa Abdelghani


      Q2 TABLE OF CONTENTS
      1. African Proverbs
      2. African Proverb Word Cloud (submitted to our Classroom Blog) - INSTRUCTIONS HERE
      4. Kingdoms of West Africa Study Guide
      5. Adinkra Mat (turned in separately; not kept in notes)
      6. Latitude and Longitude - HANDOUT HERE
      7. Sundiata: The Lion King of Mali
      8. Sundiata: What Comes Next (you will turn this in online)
      9. Read and take notes on 10:1

      Friday, November 3, 2017

      Sundiata: What Comes Next? - 11/3-6/2017

      ESSENTIAL QUESTION(S)/BIG IDEAS: What lessons can we learn from stories like the one about Sundiata? 

      HW: Sundiata: What Comes Next? - See the description in the graphic above. Your grade will be based on critical thinking, use of vocabulary, and visual appeal. For this assignment, you will need to:
      • Use and highlight FIVE challenging academic vocabulary words from the Sundiata text
      • Demonstrate that you understand the MEANING of each of the five words you use
      • Demonstrate that you know how to use Word Art
      • Demonstrate that you know how to create a drop shadow
      • Download your work as a PNG file, then upload it as an attachment and email it to rippolito.history@blogger.com; in the subject line, include your first and last name(s) and your class period (the same way you submitted your Word Cloud)

      AGENDA:
      1. Adinkra Mat presentations
      2. Sundiata: What Comes Next?
      3. All done with Sundiata? Then you can get a head start on reading 10:1. There will be an open-note reading quiz on 10:1 on Wednesday of this week. For sure you should know these five vocab terms: bureaucracy, dynasty, merit system, urbanization, and subtle. And ask yourself: what does Mr. Ippolito love to ask quiz questions about?
      4. This Thursday: our scheduled visit by Marwa Abdelghani
      Q2 TABLE OF CONTENTS
      1. African Proverbs
      2. African Proverb Word Cloud (submitted to our Classroom Blog) - INSTRUCTIONS HERE
      4. Kingdoms of West Africa Study Guide
      5. Adinkra Mat (turned in separately; not kept in notes)
      6. Latitude and Longitude - HANDOUT HERE
      7. Sundiata: The Lion King of Mali
      8. Sundiata: What Comes Next (you will turn this in online)
      9. Read and take notes on 10:1

      Thursday, November 2, 2017

      The Lion King of Mali - 11/2/2017

      ESSENTIAL QUESTION(S)/BIG IDEAS: What lessons can we learn from stories like the one about Sundiata?

      HW: Sundiata: What Comes Next? - Make sure you have identified (underline or highlight) your TEN academic vocabulary challenge words. We will do something with these tomorrow. 

      AGENDA:
      1. Charging Station Reminders
        1. The Charging Station is a privilege
        2. Never touch anyone else's device
        3. Never modify the Charging Station without Mr. Ippolito's permission
        4. The Charging Station should be left alone during the class period (unless Mr. Ippolito gives permission for you to get your device)
        5. Expect the Charging Station to be gone when Mr. Ippolito is gone
      2. Adinkra Mat presentations
      3. Sundiata: The Lion King of Mali - today let's read the story together
      Q2 TABLE OF CONTENTS
      1. African Proverbs
      2. African Proverb Word Cloud (submitted to our Classroom Blog) - INSTRUCTIONS HERE
      4. Kingdoms of West Africa Study Guide
      5. Adinkra Mat (turned in separately; not kept in notes)
      6. Latitude and Longitude - HANDOUT HERE
      7. Sundiata: The Lion King of Mali

      Wednesday, November 1, 2017

      Sundiata: The Lion King of Mali - 11/1/2017

      ESSENTIAL QUESTION(S)/BIG IDEAS: What lessons can we learn from stories like the one about Sundiata?

      HW: Finish annotating the story and answering Sundiata questions.

      AGENDA:
      1. Where was Lady Leshurr? - see the guesses HERE
      2. Turn in Latitude and Longitude
      3. Adinkra Mat presentations
      4. If you have an Adinrka mat still to present, give it to Mr. Ippolito at the beginning of the period
      5. Sundiata: The Lion King of Mali - read, annotate vocabulary, and answer questions
        1. Underline challenging vocabulary before you read - identify TEN words that are either challenging to you OR you think would be challenging to the average 7th grader
        2. Read the story
        3. Answer the questions at the end when we finish reading

      Q2 TABLE OF CONTENTS
      1. African Proverbs
      2. African Proverb Word Cloud (submitted to our Classroom Blog) - INSTRUCTIONS HERE
      4. Kingdoms of West Africa Study Guide
      5. Adinkra Mat (turned in separately; not kept in notes)
      6. Latitude and Longitude - HANDOUT HERE
      7. Sundiata: The Lion King of Mali